Type 2 diabetes is estimated to affect 7% of the US population. Because of the burden and costs resulting from the disease, preventing it has attracted interest . This paper discusses the various ways of preventing type 2 diabetes. Preventing the disease is critical to reducing its costs and burden and improving health.
It is possible to prevent type 2 diabetes. Weight loss has been the primary prevention mechanism. Screening, lifestyle modification, education and pharmacotherapy are the pillars of preventing the disease. Among women with gestation diabetes and at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, continuous screening and assessment of fasting blood glucose, lipoprotein and cholesterol levels are recommended. Assessments for prediabetes ought to begin at age 45, with the screenings repeated at 3-year intervals in the case of normal results. However, among those under high risk of diabetes, screening should be done even when younger than 45 years.
Exercises can contribute to preventing type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle modifications aiming at increasing exercise and reducing weight would hinder the development of the disease. Interruption of sedentary behaviors ubiquitous in daily living such as prolonged television watching and replacing such with increased bouts of walking throughout the day. When lifestyle interventions fail or are unsustainable, pharmacological intervention is considered as a second-line preventive strategy for high-risk patients.
Education is crucial in diabetes prevention, especially among the high-risk individuals. Such is the case considering few individuals positively change their lifestyles. Lifestyle education should be provided to the high-risk individuals. For education to be effective, it ought to be provided prior to any evidence of disease becoming apparent .
In conclusion, prevention of type 2 diabetes would assist in reducing the costs incurred in managing the disease and improving individuals’ health. Such prompts attention towards preventing its onset. It is upon the relevant parties to facilitate the adoption of the prevention strategies, while the public should be aware of how to protect themselves from the disease.
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