A sense of highness takes many forms. Alcohol, drugs and adrenaline additions have similar characteristics. Adrenaline known as "epinephrine and norepinephrine, the medical term is a hormone that is secreted by the adrenal glands located on the top of each kidney in the human body", according to researchers Gavin Vinson and Caroline Brennan. Humans are unable to live without the hormones produced by these glands which explains partially why adrenaline is known to produce a fight or flight response when people are in all types of uncomfortable or stressful events. These events are typically threatening in nature and prompt responses to react to perceived danger, along with sending a signal to the brain, as well as nerve impulses are sent to the adrenal glands producing adrenaline releases, flushing into the bloodstream. Adrenaline addictions are created by episodes that bring about these body actions on an ongoing basis, personally selected by the adrenaline addicted individual. Energy discharges surge when exhilarating circumstances are present, creating feelings an addict wants repeatedly. "The pituitary gland and hypothalamus secrete endorphins, the pain-suppressing and pleasure-inducing compounds that are mimicked by opiates, including heroin", according to Andrew Weil, M.D. and author.
Adrenaline emits all types of body actions in addition to an energy rush. Skin is stimulated, time and again with raised hair, proteins are released, muscles relax and heart rates increase. Adrenaline junkies exist and are recognized by scientific experts as deliberately putting themselves in dangerous situations, such as policemen, firefighters and extreme sports fanatics. Individuals with attention deficit disorder, people who enjoy drama and individuals who enjoy experiencing anger or administering hate are also adrenaline addicts. The high experienced by these dangerous activities is similar to the high you get from cocaine or amphetamine use, only greater as the brain is down poured with dopamine, which causes risk addiction. The need to escalate each future event with greater risks for perceived reward is present. Just like drug addiction the adrenaline junkie has to want to end the behavior, along with taking further steps such as "cognitive behavioral therapy towards a safer life, and ending destructive behaviors", according to Dr. Weil.
Identical to drug addition, there is the "heightened susceptibility for addicted subjects to relapse in conditions when the loss of the drug or adrenaline rushes are withdrawn", suggest authors Vinson and Brennan. Research highlights a long history of adrenaline and addiction, with many behavioral science authorities believing that anything that is stimulating can be addictive, and when the stimulation turns into compulsion or a requirement, it is considered addiction. "Addicted individuals are dependent on a particular set of experiences, of which the reactions to a specific chemical substance is only one example, thus addiction can exist without psychotropic drugs, such as the case with adrenaline addiction", according to Seyyed Salman Alavi, a behavioral researcher and colleagues. An addiction does not always involve a chemical substance or intoxicant, but both are known to create impairments in social relationships and situations. Adrenal addictions can be high stimulus oriented as well as simple addictions like Internet browsing and watching television. These types of addiction do not always exhibit physical signs, but can be manifested in signs of depression, social anxiety and withdrawal, along with changes in behavior which causes the adrenaline addict to spend money on obsessive behaviors, such as gambling, bungee jumping and other extreme sports.
Experts believe adrenaline junkies experience the same types of biochemical reactions, cravings, loss of control and bodily and psychological withdrawal symptoms, as well as tolerance development as drug and substance abuse addicts. A person is believed to be an adrenaline addict when they allow an activity or event to dominate daily activity, experience a high from the activity, the event escalates to great levels to achieve the same high, withdrawal symptoms occur when the activity is removed, the activity leads to internal conflict as well as conflict with family and friends and causes negligence of life activities, such as career and friendship losses.
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